In his article “The Conflict Between Religion and Evolution,” David Masci overlooks the never-ending 150 year old fight against Darwinism, how the dispute has recently grown in both size and intensity, and why is it still prevalent today. Analyzing the dispute from the beginning in the early 1900s to the present, Masci digs for the reasons that have caused the issue of teaching evolution to manifest into a national debate on values similar to the culture war issues such as abortion. In his evaluation of the period of the quarrel, Masci reveals that the opposition towards the teaching of evolution has itself evolved over time. From the Scopes Trial to today’s prevalent, national dispute, the arguments against Darwinism has shifted from Biblical Creationism to tactics such as intelligent design and a critical analysis of it as a unproven hypothesis.
In the last decade or so, local and state schools around the nation have presented intelligent design as an scientific alternative to evolutionism, which proclaims the belief that “life is too complex to have evolved entirely through natural processes without divine intervention. Besides this, other public schools have presented the theory of evolution to student as a theory, where the student have to analyze evolution disclaimers, so that Darwinism can be approached critically with an open mind. According to Masci, these alternative oppositions towards the theory of evolution has generated substantial support among American people with 63% of Americans advocating the belief behind intelligent design.
Overlooking this phenomenon, what is most interesting behind these oppositions against evolution is that there are religious and social incentives to fight against the possible theological, social implications of Darwinism, despite the fact that the scientific community has established evolution through natural selection as a fact. Therefore, based on Masci’s analysis, the perpetual struggle is a result of the constant battle to prove to society that Darwinism is a flawed scientific theory that should not be applied by any means to society, the human race, or to anything else because it depreciates God, religion, law, and justice. Thus, the impetus behind this ongoing struggle against evolutionary thought is to make sure that this denigrate way of thinking is never accepted as a fact that can be applicable to the way how the world and nature works. If no dispute against Darwinism never existed, then what would happen if Darwin’s theory was accepted as an ubiquitous fact that could explained how society and nature operates? Then, there would no be need for justice or law because everything would be a fight for survival, which would make murders and mass genocides justifiable and morals unnecessary.